Romanesque Rosone - Taranto

TARANTO

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The Taranto population frequently asked help from the Greek sovereigns: firstly, from Archidamo III of Sparta, who was defeated by Messapi and Lucani at Manduria (338 BC), then from Alessandro I, the Molosso, King of the Epiro, and later from Cleonimo of Spart (303,302).
Help from the foreign armies, repeated in major proportions with Pirro, King of the Epiro, when the City came into conflict with Rome. The intervention failed with the defeat of Maelventum (Benevento, 275 BC), which induced Pirro to return to his homeland and leave a garrison at Taranto; which after a long siege, saw the City’s surrender, then its being counted amongst the federal cities. It remained faithful during the first Punic War, siding with Annibale during the second (213), and then re-conquered in 209 by Fabio Massimo, who abandoned it to pillage. In Taranto during 37BC C. Ottaviano and Antonio, through the intercession of Ottavia, renewed the second triumvirate.

The invasion by the Barbarians didn’t exclude Taranto, who suffered destruction and pillage numerous times. The City gave itself over immediately to Belisario (546), who promoted its repopulation and fortification. Nevertheless, it was once again conquered by Totila in 549 and only in 552, could be liberated by Narsete. From that time on, it remained almost stable in the hands of the Eastern Empire.

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TARANTO
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Puglia (Apulia) region of Italy
Church - Taranto
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