Il Castello di Alcamo
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ALCAMO

Half way between Trapani and Palermo is where Alcamo is situated. It was originally founded by the Arabs and was known as Manzil Algamah under the Muslim command of al-Kamuk (828), following an Arab invasion in Sicily (827).
Passed over to the Normans (1060) and therefore to the Swabians together with the entire region, the suburb was always inhabited by Arabs, who were the protagonists of a series of revolts against Federico II, finally ordering his deportation.
Alcamo only flourished under the Aragonese. After a feud it was entrusted to the Ventimiglia population, who instigated the construction of the Castle of the Counts of Modica (1350), carried out by brothers Manfredi and Enrico Chiaromonte.
During the 15th Century, the City was enclosed by walls, to protect itself from the continuous incursions by Saracen pirates who ceased only after defeat by the Turks at Lepanto (1570).
Scourged by repeated periods of pestilence, Alcamo flourished once again, both artistically and economically in the 18th Century, during which many of its religious buildings were constructed, including that of the Chiesa Madre (Mother Church).
Alcamo therefore became part of the Reign of Sicily, and after the Napoleonic era, part of the Reign of the Two Sicilies under the Bourbons, until final annexation to the Reign of Italy (1860).

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