Vesuvius view, Naples

NAPLES (NAPOLI)

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Regarding the oldest era, there are the remains of the Roman Fort, the Temples of Cerere, Giove (Zeus), and Apollo, the columbarium also called Tomb of Virgilio (dating back to the Augustea era). The Christian period is testified by the Catacombs of S. Gennaro from the 2nd Century, the Baptistery of S. John in Fonte (5th Century, also preserving mosaics), the Cathedral 13th Century, readjusted), and the Paleo-Christian Basilica of S. Giorgio Maggiore (4th-17th Century).

The Medieval era, has its main testimonies in the Gothic Churches of S. Lorenzo Maggiore (13th Century), S. Domenico Maggiore (13th Century), S. Chiara (1310-28, which preserves a fresco of Giotto and also has the famous ornate Cloister of stupendous majolica) and S. Maria Donnaregina (1316).

Naples, as it has been said, was often a true and proper capital and its civil buildings, show signs of these historic periods: Castel Nuovo (New Castle) known as Maschio Angioino (1279-15th Century, with a triumphal arch by F. Laurana), the Royal Palace of Alfonso, The Cuomo Palaces (1464-90), Carafa (1466) and Gravina (1513-49), Capuana Door (1484), the Tomb of Cardinal Brancaccio (1426-28), by Donatello and Michelozzo).

The Renaissance also confirms its presence in the sacred architecture of the churches of S. Anna of the Lombards (1411-18th Century, which preserves the magnificent Piccolomini and Mastroguidice Chapels), S. Caterina (1519-93), Gesù Nuovo (New Jesus) (1584.1601), With the Carthusian Monastery of S. Martino (14th-17th Century), and with the Convent of Gerolamini (16th-18th Centuries) we move on to the Baroque and Rococo eras.

With the Royal Palace (1600-1748), Castel dell’Ovo (Castle) (12th-17th Centuries) and the S. Carlo Theatre (1737), one of the symbols of the City and one of the most blessed ‘Italian style’ theatres in all of Europe, we already come in full to the 18th Century.

Amongst the numerous City Museums, at least the following should be noted: the National Archaeological (with exhibitions mainly dealing with Pompeii and Ercolano), G. Filangieri Civic, National Gallery of Capodimonte (one of the most important Italian art galleries which can boast remarkable masterpieces of the most famous artists of our history of art), the National Museum of Ceramics of Duca of Martina; and the Botanical Gardens.

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NAPLES
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Campania region of Italy
Vesuvio, Naples
VESUVIO VIEW

Castle in Baia, Naples
BAIA CASTLE
Castel dell'Ovo, Naples
CASTEL DELL'OVO

 

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