AVIGLIANO

Not far from Lagopesole, in the province of Potenza, is where one can find Avigliano, an important artisanal centre of the region.

History

The origins of its name is linked to Gens Avilia, assignee of a Fundus Avillanus, or Avilius, which included the territory of Avigliano during the Roman Republican Era (II century AD).

The Fundus then followed all the vicissitudes of that region after the end of the Roman Empire: the Goth invasions and the Ostrogoth Reign (496-535), the Greek-Gothic War and the ephemeral dominion of the Byzantines (VI century), the arrival of the Longobards (VII century), who ruled the territory until the arrival of the Normans during the XI century.

Avigliano was cited once more in history in a document during 1127.
Avigliano merged into the Swabian Empire (1194-1269) and then became Angioiniansan property. From time to time it was assigned to various feudatories.
During 1290 the Dominicans erected their convent.

The City’s statutes were promulgated and a University was founded in 1579.

The nobles of Avigliano were the powerful Caracciolo Family and therefore the Doria Family, who ruled until the abolition of feudatory rights (1806).

The seismic tremours of 1694 damaged the mother church but the population was saved.

After taking part in the Republican Motions of 1799, the Renaissance motions of 1820 and 1848, as well as the Unification of Italy (1860-61), Avigliano adopted Filo-Bourbon politics and became one of the legitimistic centres of Basilicata.

Firstly brigandism then emigration, were the major social phenomena which characterised the life of Avigliano during the last part of the XIX century.

A visit to the City

The centre of Avigliano is Piazza Gianturco. From here, one can begin a visit to the Medieval village and the Riformati Church. The visit continues among churches and elegant 17th and 18th century buildings.

One can visit the The Madonna del Carmine Sanctuary (1538) about 9 kilometres away, which already existed in the IX century.

Not to be missed: A visit to the nearby Lagopesole, where one can admire Frederick the Great’s Castle.

Places of interest

The Riformati Church; Madonna delle Grazie Chapel; S. Lucia Chapel; SS Trinità Chapel; San Michele Arcangelo (Archangel St. Michael) Church; Santa Maria of the Chiacchieroni Church; Taccone Towers; Baroni Sarnelli of Corani building; Doria building; Salina building; Madonna del Carmine Sanctuary; San Cataldo Thermal Springs; Lagopesole Castle (XIII century); Monte Torretta Archaeological site (XI century BC).

AVIGLIANO
Art City

Basilicata region of Italy

 

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