PACENTRO

The Castle of the Cantelmo characterizes the town planning of this small medieval village of the National Park of the Majella that takes the name by Pacinus, trojan hero friend of Enea, who arrived to the feet of Monte Morrone founded Pacentro. Beyond the legend that often accompanies the foundation of the cities in Abruzzi (Vasto, Sulmona, Chieti) the village rises on an ancient center of the Peligni people.
The first archaeological rests of the present Pacentro date back to the VII cent. and it's in the X and XI cent. the construction of the castle to defend Pacentro from Saracene incursions. In 1170 it was an act that sanctions the gift of the church of Saint Panfilo to the Sulmona's bishop.
Annexed to the Reign of Naples and managed by the Caldora family, it was the center of the Angioin power against the Aragoneses supported from the city of Sulmona. The victory of the Aragoneses sees in 1483 the passage to the Orsini family which will exercise the power for more than a century. In 1613 it passes to captain De Sanctis until 1624, year in which goes to the Colonna and subsequently to the Barberini family and later to marquises Recupito who held it until the moment of the unification of Italy.

Main goal of the visit of Pacentro is sure the Castle of the Caldora, that with those of Introdacqua, Pettorano, Roccacasale, Anversa, Bugnara and Popoli constituted the feudal defensive system of the Peligna valley.
The church of San Marcello, founded in 1047, is the most ancient of the village and keeps frescoes and a wooden carved portal (1697). Other religious building is the Church Madre ('500) with a beautiful bell tower.
Of sure architectonic interest also the noble palaces: Palazzo Tonno ('600), Palace Massa, Palazzo Avolio and Palazzo la Rocca.
Curiosity of the village is the Preta tonna, used for the measure of the grain and the public laughing stock of insolvent debtors forced to seat naked in front of passing people.
Little outside from the village is advisable to visit the Grotta di Colle Nusca that keeps rocky paintings with hunting scenes, painted thousand of years ago.

PACENTRO
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Abruzzo region of Italy

 

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L'Aquila
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